Hydrotherapy benefits for Stroke/cva Patients.

Aquatic exercise provide benefits in the following areas:

  • increased cardiopulmonary capacity.
  • Systematic effects such as metabolic augmentation.
  • Improved Balance and weight shifting
  • Increased independence.
  • Muscular strength training.
  • Better body structure and function.
  • Better quality of life
  • improved gait.

Methods which can be used


Effects of aquatic physiotherapy on the improvement of balance and corporal symmetry in stroke survivors, by Jessica Cristine Montagna, Barbara C Santos, Camila R Battistuzzo,  Ana Paula C Loureiro (2014).
Effectiveness of hydrotherapy on balance and paretic knee strenght in patients with stroke, Choong Sij Chae, Ji Hyun Jun, etc. (2020).
Hydrotherapy vs conventional land-based exercise for improving walking and balance stroke: A randomized controlled trial, by Zhizhong Zhu, Liling Cui, etc. (2015).


Jara (2019) Aquatic treadmill walking at three depths of water in people with traumatic brain injuryLambeck (2022) IATF expert opinion Enhancing the quality of aquatic therapy for subacute and chronic stroke patientsFelten-Barentz et al (2018), Patient views regarding the impact of hydrotherapy on critically ill ventilated patients: A qualitative exploration studyMethajarunon (2016) Systematic review of published studies on aquatic exercise for balance in patients with multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, and hemiplegia.Montagna (2014) Stroke: balance and HalliwickMorer (2020) Evaluation of the Feasibility of a Two-Week Course of Aquatic Therapy and Thalassotherapy in a Mild Post-Stroke PopulationYoo (2014) stroke and underwater treadmill for cardiovascular trainingKim et al (2015) Effects of aquatic lower extremity patterns on balance and ADL of stroke patientsFelten-Barentz et al (2015), Feasibility and Safety of Hydrotherapy in Critically Ill Ventilated PatientsSzucs (2007) Application of Halliwick Method on Patients with Central Nervous System Disability with Examination of Functional Balance, Independence and Postural Assessment ScalePark JS. (2011). Postural balance of stroke survivors in aquatic and land environmentsPark JS. (2011). Comparison of the Effects of Exercise by Chronic Stroke Patients in Aquatic and Land EnvironmentsMotta (2013) The Effects of Aquatic and Land-based Exercise on Balance and Gait in People Post StrokeAidar (2013) Effects of aquatic exercise on depression and anxiety in ischemic stroke subjects