da Silva (2022) Effect of aquatic exercise on mental health, functional autonomy, and oxidative damages in diabetes elderly individuals

Summary: Aquatic Exercise Effects on Mental Health and Functional Autonomy in Elderly with Diabetes


Enhancing Health in Elderly Diabetes Patients Through Aquatic Exercise

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) significantly impacts global health, affecting millions annually. It often results in hyperglycemia due to decreased insulin sensitivity. Beyond its metabolic impacts, DM2 can impair mental health, functional autonomy, and cause oxidative dysfunction​​.

Study Focus

This study assessed aquatic exercise’s effect on mental health, functional autonomy, and oxidative dysfunction in elderly individuals with DM2. It included 104 participants, divided into diabetic and non-diabetic groups. The 12-week program involved exercises conducted twice weekly. Improvements were measured in mental health, functional autonomy, and oxidative markers​​.


The results were encouraging. In the DM2 group, significant improvements were noted in depression, anxiety, stress, and sleep quality. Functional tests like the Berg scores and Tug tests showed positive changes. There was also a reduction in oxidative stress markers like carbonyl groups, with an increase in total thiol levels. These outcomes suggest that aquatic exercise is effective in enhancing both physical and mental well-being in elderly individuals with diabetes​​.

Aquatic Exercise Benefits

Aquatic exercises are known for systemic benefits such as fat mass reduction, lean mass increase, and improved aerobic capacity. They are particularly suitable for older individuals with orthopedic issues or comorbidities, as the buoyancy of water reduces the risk of falls and facilitates weight-bearing activities. The study supports this, demonstrating improvements in muscular resistance and metabolic rates in patients with DM2​​.


The study concludes that a 12-week linear aquatic exercise program effectively reduces depression, anxiety, and stress, improving sleep quality and functional autonomy in elderly DM2 patients. The results were similar in both diabetic and non-diabetic groups, indicating wide applicability. The incorporation of aquatic exercise, along with medical treatment, appears beneficial in managing the physical and mental aspects of DM2 in the elderly​​.

Keyphrase: Enhancing Health in Elderly Diabetes Patients Through Aquatic Exercise

Important Keywords: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Aquatic Exercise, Elderly Health, Mental Health, Functional Autonomy, Oxidative Dysfunction, Hyperglycemia, Insulin Sensitivity, Berg Test, Tug Test.

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