Kim et al (2015) Effects of aquatic lower extremity patterns on balance and ADL of stroke patients

Abstract. [Purpose] This study investigated the effect of aquatic proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation(PNF) patterns in the lower extremity on balance and activities of daily living (ADL) in stroke patients.

[Subjects]Twenty post stroke participants were randomly assigned to an experimental group (n = 10) or a control group (n =10). The experimental group performed lower extremity patterns in an aquatic environment, and the control group performed lower extremity patterns on the ground. Both exercises were conducted for 30 minutes/day, 5 days/week for 6 weeks. Balance was measured with the Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Timed Up and Go Test (TUGT), Functional Reach Test (FRT), and One Leg Stand Test (OLST). Activities of daily living were measured with the Functional Independence Measure (FIM). A paired t-test was used to measure pre- and post-experiment differences, and an independent t-test was used to measure between-group differences.

[Results] The experimental and control groups showed significant differences for all pre- and post-experiment variables. In the between-group comparison, the experimental group was significantly difference from the control group.

[Conclusion] These results indicate that performing aquatic proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation patterns in the lower extremity enhances balance and ADL in stroke patients.

Key words: Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation, Balance, Activities of daily living