Mooventhan (2014) Scientific Evidence-Based Effects of Hydrotherapy on Various Systems of the Body

Summary: Scientific Evidence-Based Effects of Hydrotherapy on Various Systems of the Body

Keyphrase: “Hydrotherapy’s Systemic Effects”


Hydrotherapy, the use of water for treatment, is an ancient practice with modern scientific backing. This review by Mooventhan and Nivethitha explores the “Hydrotherapy’s Systemic Effects” on various body systems, providing a comprehensive overview of its therapeutic benefits.

Methodology and Scope

The authors conducted a thorough literature search, focusing on studies that examined the effects of hydrotherapy/balneotherapy on different body systems. This review included articles published from 1986 to 2012, ensuring a wide range of data for a holistic understanding.

Effects on Various Systems

  1. Cardiovascular System: Hydrotherapy was found to induce beneficial changes like decreased heart rate, blood pressure, and improved cardiac function. Particularly in patients with chronic heart failure, warm-water and sauna bathing showed improved cardiac output and peripheral circulation.
  2. Musculoskeletal System: Hydrotherapy was effective in pain management, especially in conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and fibromyalgia. It provided relief from muscle soreness and improved physical function.
  3. Nervous System: The review highlighted the role of hydrotherapy in reducing nerve conduction velocity and pain perception. This suggests its potential in managing neurological conditions and pain.
  4. Respiratory System: Immersion in water of varying temperatures influenced oxygen consumption and transport. It also affected respiratory function, showing potential benefits for respiratory conditions.
  5. Gastrointestinal and Genitourinary Systems: The review noted improvements in conditions like anorectal disorders and benefits during labor. Warm-water baths were particularly beneficial for gastrointestinal motility and relaxation.


The review establishes hydrotherapy as a versatile and effective treatment modality with broad-ranging benefits across various body systems. While it underscores the significant “Hydrotherapy’s Systemic Effects”, the review also calls for more research to understand the mechanisms underlying these benefits.

Keyphrase: Hydrotherapy’s Systemic Effects

Keywords: Hydrotherapy, Balneotherapy, Pain Management, Cardiovascular System, Musculoskeletal System


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