Navarro (2011) A importancia da hidrocinesioterapia na paralisia cerebral relato de caso

Introduction to Cerebral Palsy and Hydrokinesiotherapy

Cerebral Palsy (CP) is characterized as a persistent, non-progressive movement and posture disorder due to immature brain injury. It leads to varying degrees of muscle coordination impairments, affecting the ability to maintain normal postures and movements. The extent of these impairments depends on the lesion’s size and location. This study aims to explore the significance of hydrokinesiotherapy in treating CP, focusing on maintaining or improving the clinical condition.

Methodology: A Case Study Approach

A case study was conducted at the Physiotherapy Clinic School of UNINGÁ, focusing on a 34-year-old male with spastic tetraparesis and ataxia due to CP. The patient received hydrotherapy treatments twice weekly throughout 2006, emphasizing functionality improvement. The treatment’s impact was assessed through initial and final evaluations, alongside the patient’s feedback on satisfaction and clinical improvement.

Results: Observing Improvements and Patient Feedback

The patient demonstrated enhancements in balance, mobility, and overall independence. Hydrotherapy proved effective for muscle relaxation, spasm reduction, respiratory muscle strengthening, and increased joint mobility. The patient reported increased relaxation, reduced movement limitations, and a sense of overall improvement, though coordination and involuntary movements remained challenging.

Discussion: The Efficacy of Hydrokinesiotherapy

Hydrokinesiotherapy offers a dynamic environment for neurological rehabilitation, leveraging water’s physical principles to facilitate movement and sensory stimulation. Despite debates regarding its effectiveness in functional activity training, the treatment’s physical benefits, such as buoyancy and hydrostatic pressure, contribute significantly to CP patients’ rehabilitation.

Conclusion: Early Diagnosis and Hydrokinesiotherapy Benefits

The early diagnosis of CP and family involvement are crucial for effective management and rehabilitation. This case study highlights hydrokinesiotherapy’s role in improving the quality of life for CP patients, suggesting the need for further research on aquatic environments’ impact on movement disorders and brain injuries.

Keywords: Cerebral Palsy, Muscle Spasticity, Hydrotherapy

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