Peng (2022) Efficacy of Therapeutic Aquatic Exercise vs Physical Therapy Modalities for Patients With Chronic Low Back Pain A Randomized Clinical Trial

Summary: Therapeutic Aquatic Exercise vs Physical Therapy for Chronic Low Back Pain

Exploring Therapeutic Solutions for Chronic Low Back Pain
Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is a prevalent condition, often leading to significant discomfort and disability. This study, conducted by Meng-Si Peng and colleagues, focuses on evaluating the efficacy of therapeutic aquatic exercise compared to physical therapy modalities in treating CLBP.

Study Design and Approach
The randomized clinical trial included 113 participants with CLBP. They were assigned to either therapeutic aquatic exercise or physical therapy modalities, involving treatments like transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation and infrared ray thermal therapy. The interventions spanned 3 months, with follow-up assessments up to 12 months post-treatment.

Significant Findings and Outcomes
The results were promising for therapeutic aquatic exercise. Participants in this group showed greater alleviation of disability and pain at various follow-up stages, especially notable at the 12-month mark. Improvements in pain intensity, quality of life, sleep quality, and other health parameters were also observed. This suggests that therapeutic aquatic exercise can be a highly effective treatment modality for CLBP, offering sustained benefits.

Implications and Recommendations
These findings highlight the potential of therapeutic aquatic exercise as a superior alternative to traditional physical therapy modalities for CLBP. The study underscores the importance of active, targeted exercises in water for long-term relief and improved quality of life in CLBP patients.

Keywords: Chronic Low Back Pain, Therapeutic Aquatic Exercise, Physical Therapy Modalities, Pain Management, Randomized Clinical Trial, Meng-Si Peng.


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