Song (2022) Effects of Aquatic Exercises for Patients with Osteoarthritis Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis

Summary: Aquatic Exercises for Osteoarthritis

Effectiveness of Aquatic Exercises

This systematic review focused on the impact of aquatic exercise-based interventions on osteoarthritis (OA). It included studies up to March 2019, examining randomized controlled trials. Key findings revealed that aquatic exercises notably reduce pain, improve quality of life, and decrease joint dysfunction in OA patients.

Insights on Osteoarthritis and Aquatic Exercises

Osteoarthritis, a chronic degenerative disease related to aging, primarily affects knee and hip joints, leading to pain, stiffness, and functional limitations. With a significant prevalence, especially among women over 50, OA demands effective treatment strategies. Among various treatments, exercise, particularly aquatic exercises, is highly recommended due to its low impact on joints and efficacy in reducing pain, improving joint function, and enhancing quality of life.

Study Methodology and Outcomes

The meta-analysis of 20 studies showed a 0.61-point reduction in pain and a 0.77-point improvement in quality of life compared to control groups. Aquatic exercises also produced a 0.34-point reduction in joint dysfunction. These exercises are especially beneficial for overweight and older patients with OA, as the water’s buoyancy supports body weight, reducing joint impact and perceived pain.

Conclusion on Aquatic Exercises

The study concludes that aquatic exercise-based interventions are effective for reducing pain, joint dysfunction, and improving quality of life in patients with osteoarthritis. This mode of exercise offers a safe and beneficial option for managing OA symptoms.

Keyphrase: Effectiveness of Aquatic Exercises for patients with Osteoarthritis.

Keywords: Aquatic exercises, Osteoarthritis, Pain reduction, Quality of life, Joint dysfunction, Systematic review, Meta-analysis


download article