Underwater treadmill functionality

Exercising on an underwater treadmill combines the favourable effects of water during the execution of stationary walking exercises. An underwater treadmill turns the pool into a virtually endless pool; the patient does not have to turn at the end. Water has lots of favorable effects on the rehabilitation process. Because of the buoyancy, weight bearing in the legs is reduced, which makes it easier for an injured patient to exercise. At the same time, the warm water makes the ligaments more elastic and therefore range of motion is increased. As an added bonus, submersion in water reduces pain sensation.

All these effects added together makes the underwater treadmill an excellent piece of exercise equipment, that can be extremely useful for obesity treatment, sports endurance training and general rehabilitation of leg problems.

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Jung (2018) The influence of water depth on kinematic and spatiotemporal gait parameters during aquatic treadmill walkingJara (2019) Aquatic treadmill walking at three depths of water in people with traumatic brain injuryPark (2014) The Effect of Underwater Gait Training on Balance Ability of Stroke PatientsHajouj (2020) Effects of Innovative Aquatic Proprioceptive Training on Knee Proprioception in Athletes with Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction A Randomized Controlled TrialFelten-Barentz et al (2018), Patient views regarding the impact of hydrotherapy on critically ill ventilated patients: A qualitative exploration studyZotz (2013) Aquatic physical therapy for Parkinson’s diseaseWaller (2017) Effects of high intensity resistance aquatic training on body composition and walking speed in women with mild knee osteoarthritis: a 4-month RCT with 12-month follow-upNeira (2017) Effectiveness of Aquatic Therapy vs Land-based Therapy for Balance and Pain in Women with Fibromyalgia a study protocol for a randomised controlled trialGraca (2020) Immediate Effects of Aquatic Therapy on Balance in Older Adults with Upper Limb Dysfunction: An Exploratory StudyHall (2004) Cardiorespiratory responses to aquatic treadmill walking in patients with rheumatoid arthritisNapoletan (1994) The effect of underwater treadmill exercise in rehabilitation of Surgical Anterior Cruciate Ligament RepairDenning (2010) Underwater Treadmill Exercise as a Potential Treatment for Adults With OsteoarthritisRoper (2013) Acute Aquatic Treadmill Exercise Improves Gait and Pain in People With Knee OsteoarthritisBressel (2014) High intensity interval training on aquatic treadmill in adults with osteoarthritis: effect on pain, balance, function and mobilityAndrade (2017) Oxygen uptake and body composition after aquatic physical training in women with fibromyalgia; A randomized controlled trialLim (2014) The Influence of Short-term Aquatic Training on Obstacle Crossing in Gait by the ElderlyBarbosa (2014) Effect of Watsu therapy on psychological aspects and quality of life of patients with temporomandibular disorderPérez-de la Cruz (2020) Comparison of Aquatic Therapy vs. Dry Land Therapy to Improve Mobility of Chronic Stroke PatientsHeywood (2018) Force during functional exercises on land and in water in older adults with and without knee osteoarthritis; Implications for rehabilitationIATF COVID-19 Statement May 31, 2020Brugghemans (2011) Parkinson gait balance endurance (dutch)Squires Blackwell (2012) relationship of metabolic costs of aquatic treadmill versus land treadmill running

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